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  • Beautiful Habesha Women - An Ethiopian Lady

    A women  from the northern Ethiopia including Tigray, Agew, Bete Israel, Gurage, Hareri and people of Eritrea who speaks Semitic-language . The habesha name come from an Arabic decent word called “ habas” .Habasha women has a very unique culture and life style. Here you will find beautiful traditional habesha women. 

     

     

    Habesha women are the top stunning and beautiful womens in the world. here we have assembled a list of all habesha women beauties.

     

     

    A very unique food that is commonly served to an habesha women is " enjera" . Enjera is served on most habesha women daily dishes. 

    Here are most common habesha women dishes.

     

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  • The Incredible Story Of Blue Nile River

    Africa’s  greatest secret of all for thousands  of years was  the source of the longest river the nile.the nile has brought such wealth and power that the many have tried to own it.the waters of the nile bring life and nourishes the soul.

    The river Nile plays a central role for all nations through which it flows and it forces them to cooperate. At  the same time ,the sharing of the water can also lead to conflicts. Let us focus on the dams built along the river Nile. The Aswan dam, one of the first and to date the largest dam along the river Nile, and the grand Ethiopian renaissance dam which is under constructions and upon completion expected to generate 6000 mega watt of electricity.

    The nile river has a length of about 6,650 km and therefore, together with Amazon river regarded as one  of the two biggest rivers in the world. The Nile has two tributaries, the blue and the White Nile. Lake Victoria is the source of white Nile which is found in Uganda and Lake tana is the source of the blue nile which is found in Ethiopia. These two Niles meet in kart hum  to form a nile river.  The blue nile contributes 85 % of the  water that goes to Egypt. For countries along the nile, the river is of significant importance. However, dependency on the Nile also creates conflicts between nations. The water situations in these countries, Ethiopia,Uganda,Tanzania suffer water stress which means that there are fewer than 1700 cubic meters of water per person annually available.

    In brundi , Rwanda,south sudan ,sudan and Egypt it is even less than 1000 cubic meters of water ,an amount which is considered water scarcity. Securing water supply in these countries is also a major challenge because of fast growing populations.

    The main use of fresh water in all countries we are talking about is agriculture, which is complicated by unpredictable rainfalls. Due to climate change, it can be assumed that the number of extreme weather events will increase.  for countries like Ethiopia, a flood that makes large areas of agricultural land unusable is just as much a problem as increasing droughts.

    In Uganda, Kenya and Tanzania, a disturbing pollution of Lake Victoria has been apparent for some years. The lake is the main source of clean drinking water in the area, but increasing pollution is driving up the cost of treating the water to be usable drinking water.

     

    A large population of Egypt people lives in the Nile data about 2/3 of the population lives here and half of the country agricultural production is achieved here. Due to climate change and rising sea  levels ,much of this area could be flooded. A sea level rise of 1 meter would result in a flooding of more than a quarter of the Nile delta.

    Inorder to counteract the high concentration of the country population ,as well as to create more usable agricultural land, Egypt plans to redirect part of the Nile  .  In 1978, the country started building the Sadat canal . it flows high water levels to drain into a plateau northwest of lake Nasser .  Between 1998 and 2001 this lead to the creation of the toshka lakes. The filling represents only partial success since the water here cannot run off and the evaporation in this region is very high, these two lakes have shrunk ever since.

    Meanwhile, there are a number of dam on the nile ,such as the 1925 completed sennar dam in Sudan .  It is used for the irrigation of the gezira  plain , between blue and white nile.  This is one of largest irrigation projects in the  world.

    In 1966 , the roseires dam was opened ,which is now also being used for irrigation in this area and in 2009 , the Merowe dam in the north of Sudan was finished , which is mainly used for energy production . In Ethiopia, especially since the 90s, more and more dams are being built to generate electricity. However the Egyptian government heavily criticizes some of these projects.  For example, the beles hydroelectric power plant , completed in 2010 , which was seen as a provocation.  Egypt concern is to get into a dependency, and the government fears of getting  their water tap turned off by Ethiopia. But the main issue between both countries is this project:  The  grand Ethiopian renaissance dam , built near Ethiopia’s border  with Sudan . with 6000 megawatts, the connected hydropower plant will be the largest in Africa. With  this , the country’s  power generation capacity would more than double. Not only the electricity supply of Ethiopia would be secured ,but the country could even export energy. The resulting reservoir will be one of the largest on the continent. Once this dam is finished, it first has to be filled ,which will probably take between 3 to 15 years. Filling can be done either quickly, in which case there would be significant less water in Sudan and Egypt for this period, or slower, which is not in the interests of Ethiopia.

    In their opposition the Egypt government refers to an agreement that governs the distribution of the nile water. After the united kingdom withdrew from Egypt and Sudan in 1956 ,both countries reached the Nile water agreement  it sates ,that of the annual water volume of estimated 84 billion cubic meters ,Egypt holds rights to 66% and Sudan 22% . back then  it was estimated that remaining 12 %  will be lost through evaporation. The other riparian nation were not even mentioned  in the agreement, even  though most Nile water originates there.

    In may 2010, these upstream nations formed an agreement for a fairer distribution of the nile water. Both Egypt and Sudan refuse to renegotiate their shares of waters of the nile. For years ,Egypt and Ethiopia have been negotiating  about the grand Ethiopian renaissance dam, but they have not come to an agreement . Former Egyptian prime minister Mohamed morsi had repeatedly threatened Ethiopia with war if the two countries don’t   agree.  “If the Nile rivers water decreases by a single drop then our blood is the alternative”   The current Ethiopian prime minister and 2019 nobel peace prize laureate Abiy ahimed, has repeatedly affirmed that  the dam should not harm Egypt. However, they still were not able to come to an agreement. The different interests are difficult to reconcile, but at the same time, all nile nations are aware that cooperation is important in tackling water problems in the region. In order to secure water supply for agriculture, industry and private households, dams along the nile are an important tool.

    Proposed increase of sea water desalination plants could also play a role, but they are very expensive and not necessarily environmentally friendly . Similarly, rationing water consumption could  prove important . Especially suitable for this water reclamation, as well as more efficient irrigation methods, for example through the use of drip irrigation. Historically, the nile has always played a crucial role in this region and it illustrates the dependency of human societies on regenerative natural cycles. The use of the Nile in the context of population growth and climate change are issues that will most likely to be central in the coming decades.

     

     

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  • Ethiopia Introduced new Currency

    Ethiopia to introduce a new currency soon  to curb illegal trade and corruption. After months of rumors  the Ethiopian government  finally disclosed that features of the banknotes will be changed .The 10 birr, 50 birr and 100 birr denominations have got a complete new identity  including color changes.

    The 10 birr denomination has now a 100 birr look in terms of color and bears a picture from the old 5 birr notes – a farmer collecting coffee. The new fifty birr note does not have change in terms of color. The picture represents Ethiopia’s ambition to transform agriculture in the country.

    The new 100 birr notes has the old 5 birr notes look with a picture of Ethiopia’s main tourist attractions sites.

    The government also introduced a new 200 denomination. This banknote looks much like the 100 birr note which was in use before the coming of Tigray People’s Liberation Front to power in 1991.And it bears a symbol of peace – a dove with palm leaves. 

     

    the state media, Ethiopian Broadcasting Corporation (EBC), the dr abiy ahmed government believes  the denominations  will help fight  corruption and illicit trade among other things.

    It is also believed that the new features will make counterfeiting impossible. During last Ethiopian Year, authorities from the Ethiopian National Bank announced hundreds of billions of birr are stashed outside of the banking system.

    Last month, the NBE (National Bank Of Ethiopia)  introduced a new limit to the amount of cash withdrawal and cash stash for individuals and businesses to 1.5 million birr only. 

     It is widely believed that TPLF leaders and individuals linked to former TPLF leaders have stashed billions of Ethiopian birr illegally. 

    Much of the printing work for the new Ethiopian currency is completed, and it is said to be at the exchequer in the National Bank Ethiopia. Distribution of the new banknotes is to be announced and law enforcement bodies are expected to have a significant role in the course of implementing the changes.

    The change is believed to be completed within 3 months time frame.

     

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  • Abay Dam Dispute and Facts

    Abay Dam --also called  GERD(The Great Ethiopian Renaissance Dam)    is the largest  hydroelectric plant  built on the river nile. It has the capacity to store 70 billion cubic meter of water and generate 15,128 Giga watt hours (GWh) of electricity. The Dam is built near Sudanese border in Benishangul-Gumuz  region  some 40 km from Sudan. The project is owned by the Ethiopian electric corporations.

    The Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam  is sponsored by the Ethiopian government Bonds and Private sector bond sales and donations . Every government employee has bought a government bond so that the dam is realized. Six Nile basin countries has built several dams along the river Nile.

    Egypt has traditionally monopolized the river Nile but since the construction of grand Ethiopian renaissance dams it looks the monopoly is over.  In 1960 Egypt with the support of the Russian government has built the Aswan high dam  which has a storage capacity of 132km³, the Aswan High Dam is source of  water for around 33,600km² of irrigation land.

    The River Nile is t 6,670 km (4,160 miles) in length and is the longest river in Africa and in the world. Although it is generally associated with Egypt, only some  22% of the Nile's course runs through Egypt.

     

    Nile River has two main tributaries, the White Nile and the Blue Nile. The white Nile which is the longer of the two begins at lake Victoria in Tanzania and flows north until it reaches Khartoum. The Blue Nile is the main tributary to  the Nile river with 85% water contribution to the river nile. The Blue nile begins at Lake Tana in Ethiopia.

     

    Since the Construciton of the Great Ethiopian Renaissance Dam built on the blue nile river ,Ethiopia and Egypt are in deadlock . Egypt fear the dam will deepens its water shortage problems. The two countries are negotiating to find resolutions but still nothing tangible achieved on the table. Ethiopia has started filling the reservoir in july 2020 . Here is the latest abay dam(GERD) pictures and videos.

     

     

     

     

     

     

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  • Oromo Culture in Ethiopia

    Ethiopia is an ancient country that is located in the hole of Africa. It is composed of more than 80 nation and nationality and peoples. Among this  is the Oromo nation, since 1991 the Oromia regional state has been established with the federal government of Ethiopia. Oromia is the largest as well as the most populous of all the regional state of the country.

     

    Addis Ababa or Finfine is the capital of the Oromo region as well as that of the federal government of Ethiopia. In Oromo, culture is the dominant sector of their economy. Most of the Metutema and Mechi Oromo are farmer where as Borena  and kereyu Oromo are  pastoralism and Guji Oromo are agro Pastoralism. 

    The Oromo are known for their remarkable and indigenous democratic social political system known as the Geda ,  Which they have working until today. Geda divides the stages of life of individuals form child to old ages into a serious of formal stages. As soon as the child is born he/she is recreated to the appropriate party which is 40years behind his father and joins the first great name Debele. Debele are sons of the Geda class who are in power as leaders of Oromo. The Debele grow their hair long and decorate it with shells.  This hair style is known as the Guduru.

     

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